Fred Wiseman

Fred Wiseman (Ph.D. University of Arizona) a humanities professor at Johnson State College in Vermont is an archeologist, indigenous rights activist and author (Voice of the Dawn and Reclaiming the Ancestors), his most recent project is the film 1609: the Other Side of History the second episode of the “Against the Darkness” video trilogy outlining the Vermont Abenakis’ cultural continuity in the Champlain Basin.

Questions and approximate time code:

What brought the Abenaki to the North Country?

00:00:00

What was the relationship between the Iroquois and Abenaki?

00:41:17

Why did the Abenaki like the French and the British?

02:01:22

What was the relationship between the Jesuits and the Abenakis?

04:10:17

What different types of warfare were used?

06:48:15

What is a “mourning war”?

09:03:03

Why was it important for Native soldiers to capture warriors?

10:27:23

Describe a stereotypical gauntlet.

11:45:04

Describe the idea of the “wampum”.

13:23:16

Why did the Abenaki wage war?

16:01:08

What was the Great Council Fire?

17:30:21

Who had control over the decision to wage war?

18:49:01

How did the Alliance view the British?

20:01:20

What did the Abenakis think of the Battle of Fort William Henry?

21:17:22

Why did some of the Abenakis join the British?

25:13:01

Describe the process of adoption  in the Abenaki tribe.

27:43:02

What is the significance of “wampum”?

28:43:09

How has Abenaki history been passed down?

29:59:23

How did the Abenaki feel about the removal of the French from North America?

32:06:21

How did the Abenakis preserve their culture?

34:36:21